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Chiang Mai University Journal of Natural Sciences

Instructions for Preparation of Manuscripts

Types of Articles and Formats

       Manuscripts submitted to Chiang Mai University Journal of Natural Sciences are critically reviewed by at least 2 reviewers using the double-blinded review systems before they can be published. The reviewer has the major responsibility for critical evaluation to determine whether or not a manuscript meets standards of scientific and literary quality.  Reviews must be based on manuscripts of satisfactory literary quality.  It is not the task of a reviewer to edit poorly prepared papers or to correct readily detectable errors.  In order to avoid any embarrassment to authors, any undue burden for reviewers or editors, or any loss of time and effort, every paper should have a thorough preliminary review by competent colleagues of the author before it is sent to the journal.

Submission of Manuscripts

            If you have any problems submitting through the online system, please contact directly. The manuscript should not exceed 30 double-spaced A4 pages (Times New roman or similar font, size 12”, with 1” margins) with no more than 8 tables, charts, illustrations, and/or images. Manuscripts are printed in monochrome. If accepted for publication, the manuscripts must be made available in MS Word format.     

Preparation of Manuscripts

             All manuscript must be written in English. Manuscripts must follow accepted practice in the nature sciences as detailed in the CSE Manual for Authors, Editors and Publishers (by the Council of science editors and formally known as the CBE Manual of Style). Every page of the manuscript, including the little page, tables, figures, and references should be numbered.

             Manuscript should be organized in the following order:

                  1. Title

                   The author should design his title to supply enough information for the potential reader to make a reliable decision as to whether the paper is of probable interest.

                  2. Author(s)

                       Name(s) of author(s), complete postal address(es) of affiliations and E-mail of the corresponding author.

                 3. Abstract and Keywords

               The abstract should be a suitable literary adjunct to the scientific report and it should meet the needs of the literary researcher or information specialist.  The length of the abstract should not exceed 250 words for full-length papers and 75 words for notes and brief articles.  Keywords for indexing should be listed at the end of the abstract.

               4. Introduction

              Introductions should be kept short.  Good introductions should include: (i) brief statement of the problem that justifies doing the work or of the hypothesis on which it is based; (ii) the findings of others that will be challenged or developed; and (iii) an explanation of the general approach and objectives.  The aim of the introduction should be to excite and interest the reader.

                  5. Materials and Methods

                    This section contains details about materials, techniques, experimental design, and environment. Sufficient detail should be provided to permit the reader to repeat the experiments.  The methods section may be arranged in a chronological pattern, succession of techniques, or other manners which will most effectively assist the reader in studying the paper                 

                  6. Results

                    Use tables, graphs, diagrams, and photographs to provide a clear understanding of the results.  Data included in illustrations and tables should not be discussed extensively in the text, but significant findings should be pointed out.  Show how the objectives have been achieved. The results should be connected to one another. 

                  7. Discussion

                In the discussion section the author assesses the meaning of the results. Show how the results provide a solution to the problem stated in the introduction or given as the objective. Connect the work of this study with previous works showing how and why they differ or agree.  Point out the significance and implications of the work and indicate possible future developments. Do not give excuses for unexpected results and failures of experiment. Controversial issues should be discussed clearly and fairly. Where results differ from previous results, they should be explained.

                 8. Conclusion (optional)

                  Some papers have a conclusion section.  This includes any significant conclusions that have been drawn from the work.  These should be carefully worded so there is no misunderstanding on the part of the reader. It is often desirable to present conclusions as part of the discussion section; however, in a paper that is long and complex, it may be helpful to summarize conclusions in a separate section.

                 9. Acknowledgement

                  Any acknowledgements should be typed as text and placed before the references. The word ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS should be capitalized and centered above any citation.

                 10. Reference

           All in-text citations, footnotes/endnotes, and the reference page must follow the CSE guidelines. Samples from these guidelines can be found

                  10.1 In-text citations

                        The form used for giving the reference in the text will vary according to the construction of the sentence in which it occurs, e.g., Bell (1999) or (Bell, 1999). When there are two authors, name both of them, e.g., Heimann and Willmann (1998) or (Heimann and Willmann, 1998). When there are three or more authors, cite their paper in the form Hildebrandt et al., (1999) or (Hildebrandt et al., 1999).  If two or more articles by the same author or authors in the same year are cited, they should be designated as follow: Pandey et al., (1984a, 1984b, 1984c).

                   10.2 Reference list

                        All citations, whether to published literature or to unpublished work are to be listed alphabetically by surname of senior author at the end of the manuscript. Each reference to a periodical publication must include, in order, the name(s) of the author(s), the year of publication, the full title of the article, the publication in which it appears, the volume and inclusive page numbers, and the digital object identifier (DOI), if available. The reference lists are based on the CSE Manual for Authors, Editors and Publishers (by the Council of Science Editors and formally known as the CBE Manual of Style). References must be arranged as follow:

         Journal article

                    Halmilton, M.B., Pincus, E.L., Fion, A.D., and R.C. Fleischer. 1999. Universal linker and ligation procedures for construction of genomic DNA libraries enriched for microsatellites. Biotechniques. 27: 500-507.


                  Sokal, R.R., and Rohlf, F.J. 1995. Biometry: The principles and practice of statistics in biological research. W.H. Freeman and Co, New York.

        Chapter in book

                  Jackson, M.B. 1982. Ethylene as a growth promoting hormone under flooded conditions. In: Wareing, P.F. (ed) Plant growth substance. Academic Press, London. p.291-301.

         Edited proceeding, symposia etc.

                  Pratt, A., Gilkes, R.J., Ward, S.C., and Jasper, D.A. 2000. Variations in the properties of regolith materials affect the performance of tree growth in rehabilitated bauxite mine-pits in the Darling Range, SW-Australia. In: Brion, A., and Bell, R.W. (eds) Proceeding of Remade Land 2000, the International Conference on Remediation and Management of Degraded Lands. Fremantle, 30 Nov-2 Dec 2000. Promaco Conventions, Canning Bridge. p.87-88.


                  Senthong, C. 1979. Growth analysis in several peanut cultivars and the effect of peanut root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne arenaria) on peanut yields. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA.